.htaccess rule for language detection
i’m stuck with some problem with .htaccess
my simplified file server structure is the following:
i need to work with virtual urls for handling the language switch:
so my .htaccess should check if url contains /en/ or /de/ and translate it to eg. /signup.php?language=de
basically spoken, it should strip the language tag but keep the rest of the folder structure.
it should work on both my local xampp and on my live server.
any ideas? thanks
What have you tried so far? Something like the following should work:
RewriteRule ^/(en|de)/(.*)$ $2?language=$1 [L]
The meaning is rather obvious: take the second match (
$2), that is what comes after the second slash in the URL, postpone a
?language= after it, and then the first match (
$1), that is, what’s between the first two slashes – provided it’s one of
If you wanna match anything (not only
de) as language, then change the rule to:
RewriteRule ^/(.+?)/(.*)$ $2?language=$1 [L]
Please note: the
? in the first group will make the match stop at first slash, so that you won’t rewrite eg.
but rather to
In case of doubts, there is an excellent documentation in the Apache website.
Edit: default language
To make all other requests (that is, URLs not starting with
/de/) redirect to a default language (say
en), first you have to know the language prefixes you want to recognize, and then use the following rules – below, I’m assuming there are three -3- languages, with codes
RewriteEngine On RewriteBase / RewriteRule ^(en|de|fr)/(.*)$ $2?language=$1 [L,QSA] RewriteRule ^(.*)$ $1?language=en [L,QSA]
If you don’t define the exact language set in the first
RewriteRule (eg using my previous “any language” solution), language detection could fail on nested pages. It’s important that the rules are in this order because the first one will match pages with the language code and then exit, whilst the second one will be applied only if the first does not match.